Understanding Bone Cancer: Types, Symptoms, Causes, Treatment, and Survival Rate....!

Sudarshan Kendre
12 Jun 2023 7:33 AM GMT
Understanding Bone Cancer: Types, Symptoms, Causes, Treatment, and Survival Rate....!

Understanding Bone Cancer: Types, Symptoms, Causes, Treatment, and Survival Rate....!


Bone cancer is a rare but serious condition that occurs when abnormal cells grow uncontrollably within the bone tissue. It can affect people of all ages, although it is more commonly diagnosed in children and young adults. Early detection and proper treatment significantly increase the chances of successful recovery. In this article, we will explore the different types of bone cancer, discuss their symptoms and causes, delve into available treatment options, and shed light on bone cancer survival rates. Additionally, we will address a commonly asked question regarding the duration of bone cancer without noticeable symptoms.

• Types of Bone Cancer:

Bone cancer can be categorized into primary and secondary bone cancer. Primary bone cancer originates within the bone, while secondary bone cancer occurs when cancer cells from another part of the body spread to the bones. Primary bone cancer includes osteosarcoma, Ewing's sarcoma, chondrosarcoma, and chordoma. Osteosarcoma is the most common type and predominantly affects children and young adults. Ewing's sarcoma primarily affects teenagers and young adults. Chondrosarcoma affects older adults, and chordoma typically develops in the spine or skull base.

• Symptoms of Bone Cancer:

The symptoms of bone cancer may vary depending on the type, location, and stage of the cancer. Common signs include persistent bone pain, swelling, tenderness, and fractures. In the early stages, the pain may be intermittent and worsen at night or during physical activity. As the cancer progresses, the pain may become more constant. Other symptoms may include unexplained weight loss, fatigue, anemia, and a palpable mass or lump in the affected area.

• Causes of Bone Cancer:

The exact causes of bone cancer are still unknown. However, certain risk factors have been identified, including:

1. Genetic predisposition: Some inherited conditions, such as Li-Fraumeni syndrome and hereditary retinoblastoma, increase the risk of bone cancer.

2. Previous radiation therapy: Individuals who have received high-dose radiation treatment for other cancers have a higher risk of developing bone cancer.

3. Paget's disease of bone: This non-cancerous condition can progress to bone cancer in rare cases.

4. Certain genetic syndromes: Conditions like Werner syndrome and Rothmund-Thomson syndrome are associated with an increased risk of bone cancer.

• Treatment of Bone Cancer:

The treatment of bone cancer typically involves a multidisciplinary approach, including surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy. The choice of treatment depends on factors such as the type and stage of the cancer, the patient's overall health, and the location of the tumor. In some cases, a combination of these treatment modalities may be recommended.

Surgery aims to remove the cancerous tumor and a margin of healthy tissue. Limb-sparing surgery is often preferred to preserve limb function whenever possible. In cases where limb preservation is not feasible, amputation may be necessary.

Chemotherapy uses drugs to kill cancer cells throughout the body. It can be administered before surgery to shrink the tumor, after surgery to eliminate remaining cancer cells, or as the primary treatment for inoperable tumors.

Radiation therapy involves the use of high-energy X-rays or other forms of radiation to target and kill cancer cells. It may be used alongside surgery or as the primary treatment option for tumors that cannot be surgically removed.

• Signs of Bone Cancer:

Prompt medical attention is crucial if you experience any of the following signs of bone cancer: persistent bone pain, unexplained fractures, swelling or tenderness near a bone, and a lump or mass in the affected area. Additionally, unintended weight loss, fatigue, and anemia can accompany bone cancer. If you notice any of these symptoms, it is essential to consult a healthcare professional for a proper evaluation.

• Bone Cancer Survival Rate:

The survival rate for bone cancer depends on various factors, including the type and stage of the cancer, the patient's overall health, and the effectiveness of the chosen treatment. Generally, the overall five-year survival rate for primary bone cancer is around 70%. However, survival rates can vary significantly for different types of bone cancer. For example, the five-year survival rate for osteosarcoma is approximately 60-70%, while Ewing's sarcoma has a five-year survival rate of around 60-65%.

• How Long Can You Have Bone Cancer Without Knowing ?

The duration of bone cancer without noticeable symptoms can vary widely. In some cases, bone cancer may remain undetected for months or even years, especially in its early stages. The absence of symptoms can make it challenging to diagnose bone cancer until it has reached an advanced stage or spread to other parts of the body. Regular medical check-ups, prompt reporting of any unusual symptoms, and early imaging studies can help detect bone cancer at an earlier stage.


Bone cancer is a complex and potentially life-threatening condition. Understanding its types, recognizing its symptoms, knowing its causes, and exploring available treatment options are vital for early detection and successful management. Regular health check-ups and open communication with healthcare professionals play a crucial role in diagnosing bone cancer in its early stages, improving treatment outcomes, and increasing the chances of survival.

Also Read -

• Cholangiocarcinoma: Understanding Bile Duct Cancer, Types, Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment.....!

• Bladder Cancer: Causes, Symptoms, Types, and Prevention.....!

• Explained: what is virtual autism? symptoms in kids and how to save children.....!

Sudarshan Kendre

Sudarshan Kendre

    Next Story